Michael Chadwick is the former director of the Stockholm Environment Institute and LEAD-Europe and a former Senior Research Associate at Stockholm Environment Institute-York. He has held posts in the Universities of Cambridge and York in the UK, where his research centered on sustainability issues relating to mining and the environment. He developed a coordinated abatement strategy model for emissions to the atmosphere of acidic substances and their cost effective control, working with the Long Range Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution Convention. He now works as a private consultant on environmental matters, most recently with MISTRA in Sweden, the IPCC, and the European Union and with the Rockefeller Foundation on poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihoods.
Conventional development wisdom generally assumes the long-term continuity of dominant institutions, along with the expansion of resource intensive consumption and production patterns in industrialized countries and their gradual extension to developing countries. However, the growth orientation of conventional development strategies and the resource-intensive lifestyles produce risks and unacceptable deterioration of the biosphere, as well as social and economic instability. The limitations of the conventional development paradigm suggest the beginnings of an outline for a strategic agenda for sustainability.