Ian Gough is Visiting Professor in the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) and Associate of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, both at the London School of Economics. He is also Emeritus Professor at the University of Bath. His current research focuses on universal basic services, maximum incomes, consumption ceilings, and inessential versus essential work. His books include Heat, Greed and Human Need: Climate Change, Capitalism and Sustainable Wellbeing; The Political Economy of the Welfare State; A Theory of Human Need; Global Capital, Human Needs and Social Policies; Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America; and Wellbeing in Developing Countries. He is now researching a set of related issues, including universal basic services, maximum income, a consumption ceiling, and inessential versus essential work.